Oslo 6 – 8 November 2017
|Monday 6 November - Setting the stage
High ambitions for Svalbard research
Welcome by Special Adviser Kirsten Broch Mathisen, Svalbard Science Forum
The relevance of Svalbard research meeting global challenges
Svalbard - A Unique Location and Vantage Point for Polar Research.
Atmospheric Research from Svalbard in a Pan-Arctic Context - From Svalbard to Kigali.
Connecting Svalbard with the future and the world.
Break/ Open APECS meeting
The importance of Svalbard research in the future
Moderator: Ruth Astrid L. Sæter
International dialogue addressing future plans for Svalbard research and funding possibilities.
Panel: Director Aleksandr Makarov (AARI); Dr. Julia Boike (AWI); Director Ole Arve Misund (NPI); Head of Unit Andrea Tilche (European Commission); Executive Director Fridtjof Fossum Unander (RCN)
Tool Box: new tools, methods, platforms to conduct research in Svalbard
The session will highlight new “tools”, new methods, new technologies, new platforms etc. which can be used to do science in a new way, more coordinated way, a more shared way.
From vision to action: New SIOS products for ESS research, Dr. Christiane Hübner (SIOS)
|Tuesday 7 November - Connecting Svalbard research - Invited speakers
From observation to integrated studies - wider use of data
Chair: Prof. Børge Damsgård, UNIS.
This session will explore and give examples of how comprehensive data is collected, processed and managed, so that it can be prepared for use in modelling investigations leading to integrative studies, which can answer the complex aspects of the Arctic in the Earth System.
Introduction by chair
The Bayelva high Arctic permafrost long-term observation site: an opportunity for joint international research on permafrost, atmosphere, ecology and snow,
Drivers of environmental changes - climatic and other human factors
Chair: Dr. Cathrine Lund Myhre, NILU.
Introduction by chair
Panel and plenary discussion.
A global context for Svalbard research - connecting to the world
Chair: Prof. Jun Inoue, NIPR.
Introduction by chair
|Wednesday 8 November - Thematic research and cooperation within and across disciplines - Parallel sessions
The icebreaker wessel Kronprins Haakon, a new platform for Arctic science, Director Ole Arvid Misund (NPI)
Chair: Dr. Maarten Loonen, Chair of Ny-Ålesund Science Managers Committee (NySMAC)
The interconnectedness and future plans of Atmosphere research in Svalbard,
Atmosphere research in Svalbard
Research on the Atmosphere above Svalbard covers all altitudes from the ground to the ionosphere and investigates processes on short and long time scales. Long-term observations together with process studies, to understand physical and chemical processes, are key pieces in trying to understand the rapid climate changes we have seen in the Arctic the last decades. As Arctic surface temperatures increase twice as fast as in mid latitudes, their spatial and temporal developments are influenced by changes in atmosphere composition, sea ice cover and ocean temperatures, and connected to processes across latitudes and altitudes.
This session will consist of three parts. Part one will include presentations from ongoing or planned projects. Part 2 will allow us to convene in thematic groups to advance the collaborative actions. Part 3, a poster session, will be open for all kinds of presentations and atmosphere topics.
11:00-11:15 Cloud-aerosol-boundary layer research, Sang-Jong Park, Korea Polar Research Institute
11:30-11:45 Aerosol vertical profiles in the Arctic, David Cappelletti, University of Perugia
11:45-12:00 Molecular Steps of Secondary Aerosol Formation, Mikko Sipilä, University of Helsinki
13:00-13:15 Spatial distribution of impurity content, physical and chemical properties of seasonal snow across
13:15-13:30 What's Svalbard snow can tell us, Andrea Spolaor, CNR, IDPA
13:30-13:45 Sources of Aerosols in Snow across Svalbard in 2015-16 winter, Christian Zdanowicz,
13:45-14:00 Transport and trends of emerging organic contaminants in the Arctic, Zhiyong Xie,
14:15-14:30 UV observations on Svalbard, Georg Hansen, NILU
14:45-15:00 Pan-Svalbard temperature differences, Sandro Dahlke, AWI
15:30-15:45 Spatial variability of XXI century land surface temperature (LST) trends on Svalbard based on
Speed Poster Presentations
Terrestrial research in Svalbard
Chair: Dr. Maarten Loonen, University of Groningen – Arctic and Antarctic studies
Less ice covering the fjords and more icing on land. More precipitation as rain and earlier snow melt. These trends cascade through the food web of microbes, insects, birds, herbivores and predators. How can we quantify these changes towards input of global models?
Thawing permafrost can release climatically active gasses, but higher temperatures can increase peat formation. What are the predicted effects of temperature, plant growth, microbes, grazing and decomposition on the net carbon balance?
The format will be a few 20 min. oral presentations and 5 min. poster presentations on ideas and data, which can be used in the following discussion on the next step in cooperation. Part of the session will be used to draft research proposals on both themes to improve funding for international cooperation in terrestrial research.
10:40-11:00 Landscape change and the emission of greenhouse gases in Central Spitsbergen,
13:05-13:10 Spatially distributed monitoring of snow covered area and ground thermal regime around
13:10-13:15 Dynamics of snow cover characteristics exerting influence on stability of the permafrost on Svalbard,
Marine research in Svalbard
Chair: Prof. Kai Bischof, University of Bremen – Marine Botany
Progressing Atlantification, retreat of tidal glaciers, and changing contaminant loads are impacting Svalbard fjord systems, particularly on the western shores of the archipelago. In Kongsfjorden, recent hydrographic changes produced a pronounced inﬂux of Atlantic water into the fjord system during winter, which may have driven the cold system (prior to 2006) to a “warm system” with winter temperatures above freezing and little landfast ice in the fjord. As a consequence, the locally adapted ﬂora and fauna will progressively need to compete with boreal species.
This session is meant to gather baseline information on and allow for networking within the research priorities mentioned in the call for abstract. After the presentation of current research activities and plans in a number of talks, time will be allotted encouraging participants to team-up and discuss and advance project ideas directed to the topics mentioned in the call for abstract.
10:40-11:00 Integrated Observations: traditional time series and new technologies, Finlo Cottier,
11:00-11:20 Changes and variability of fast ice extent and thickness over the last two decades in
11:20-11:40 History of heavy metal accumulation in the Svalbard area: distribution, origin and transport
11:40-12:00 The importance of tidewater glaciers on the Kongsfjorden system: proposal for a new
13:15-13:30 Where land meets sea: Effects of terrestrial inputs on Svalbard’s coastal
13:30-13:45 Dense water plumes SW off Spitsbergen Archipelago (Arctic) in 2014-2017,
13:45-14:00 Morphodynamics and sedimentary processes in arctic transitional environments:
14:00-14:15 From the dark side - polar night research in Kongsfjorden,
14:15-14:30 Muddy Waters: Plankton and nutrient dynamics below the brown plumes infront of active
14:30-14:45 Arctic phytoplankton under multiple stressors – insights from 4 years of field
14:45-15:00 Warming and Ocean Acidification Effects in the Seaweed Community of West
15:30-15:45 Svalbard marine mammals and climate change, Kit M. Kovacs, NPI
15:45-16:00 Black-legged kittiwakes as messengers of Atlantification in Kongsfjorden,
16:15-16:30 Settlements on Svalbard as sources for emerging contaminants,
16:30-16:45 Bioerosion patterns in a polar carbonate factory (Mosselbukta, Svalbard),
Glaciological research in Svalbard
Liestøl Symposium: integrating field measurements, remote sensing, and models of Svalbard glacier mass balance.
Glaciers cover about 60% of Svalbard and most of them are clearly shrinking. Changes in glacier extent, surface properties and meltwater runoff have implications on Arctic ecosystems, the surface energy budget, and global sea level change. To assess these impacts, we need a better knowledge of past and future changes in the Arctic glacier systems and their link with ongoing climate change.
The format will be a number of 20 min. oral presentations, and a series of 5 min. talks summarizing poster presentations, all on Svalbard glacier mass balance. The workshop is named in honor of the pioneering Norwegian glaciologist Olav Liestøl (1916-2002), who initiated mass balance measurements in Svalbard in the 1950s, including the record from Austre Brøggerbreen, which in autumn 2017 will be 50 years long.
10:40-11:00 Introduction, Jack Kohler, NPI
11:00-11:20 The start of Norwegian glaciological research on Svalbard, Olav Orheim
11:20-11:40 The history of direct mass balance time series in Spitsbergen, Svalbard, Jon Ove Hagen,
11:40-12:00 Current status of Svalbard glacier mass balance and needs for future assessments,
13:00-13:20 Coupled Atmosphere – Climatic Mass Balance Modeling of Svalbard
13:20-13:40 A high-resolution dataset of climatic mass balance, snow conditions and
13:40-14:00 Geodetic measurements at Svalbard. Implications for glaciology and solid
14:00-14:20 Climate and surface energy balance of Nordenskiöldbreen, Svalbard: 10 years
14:20-14:40 Detection of Svalbard glaciers on satellite imagery with subpixel accuracy,
14:40-15:00 MODIS detection of Svalbard glacier snowlines, Jack Kohler, NPI
15:30-15:50 Monitoring the cryosphere on Svalbard using environmental seismology,
15:50-16:10 The CalvingSEIS project: Glacier dynamic ice loss quantified through
16:10-16:30 Seismic and infrasonic monitoring of glacier destruction, Andrey Fedorov,
Mass balance observation of Aldegonda Glacier and West Grønfjord Glacier,
Calibration and validation of interferometric synthetic aperture radar altimetry for
Glacier front detection through mass continuity and remote sensing, Bas Altena,
Subglacial hydrology and spatiotemporal variation of fresh water flux
Geodetic constraints on ice-mass changes on Svalbard, Kristian Breili,
Characterising size and frequency of calving events based on high
Isotopic signatures, physical-chemical features and flow rates of glacial
Dynamics of snow cover characteristics exerting influence on stability of
Monitoring Glacier Displacement in Western Svalbard Using Landsat 8 and Sentinel-1 Data,
Long-term glacier mass-balance monitoring of Austre Lovénbreen glacier in Ny-Ålesund Svalbard,
High temporal and spatial interferometric radar measurements of Kronebreen, Spitsbergen,
Using Svalbard for educating the next generation of Arctic Scientists
|Thursday 9 November - Side events - open for all conference participants
Atmosphere research in Svalbard Chair: Dr. Roland Neuber, Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, and the Atmosphere Flagship in Ny-Ålesund.
09:00 Introduction and goals for the day
09:15 Establishment of today’s discussion groups
10:30 Joint coffee break
11:00 discussion groups continued
12:00 joint lunch break
13:00 discussion groups continued
14:30 Coffee break
Individual discussions and wrap ups
Suggested Discussion groups:
Terrestrial research in Svalbard Chair: Dr. Maarten Loonen, University of Groningen and the Terrestrial Ecosystem in Ny-Ålesund
Informal discussion on research priorities and interdisciplinary research initiatives working towards a proposal for funding by the Svalbard Strategic Grant for the Terrestrial Flagship activities in Ny-Ålesund (deadline 22 Nov 2017).
Liestøl Symposium: integrating field measurements, remote sensing, and models of Svalbard glacier mass balance Chair: Dr. Jack Kohler, Norwegian Polar Institute and the Glaciology flagship in Ny-Ålesund.
09:00-09:20 On problems with mass balance studies of Svalbard tidewater glaciers, Jacek A. Jania,
09:20-09:40 Glacier-freshwater runoff: a possible driver of autumn phytoplankton blooms in seas
09:40-10:00 Seals like plumes, Alistair Everett, NPI
10:30-10:50 Geophysical seafloor mapping applications in the fjords and shelf of Svalbard,
10:50-11:10 Long Term Underwater Sensing (LoTUS) at calving fronts in western Spitsbergen,
11:10-11:30 Terrestrial and airborne remote sensing of calving glaciers in Svalbard, Tom Rune Lauknes,
12:30-12:50 Late Cenozoic geodynamics in Svalbard: interplay of glaciation, seafloor spreading and mantle
12:50-13:10 Holocene glacier fluctuations reconstructed from lake sediment at Kløsa and Vårfluesjøen,
13:10-13:30 Two decades of Svalbard ice core studies – progress and remaining challenges,
13:30–13:50 New photogrammetric methods and the use of old photographs for quantitative analyses of
14:20-14:40 Sub-ice topography of Nordaustlandet, Svalbard derived from potential field modelling,
14:40-15:00 Fresh water input to the Hornsund Fiord (Southern Spitsbergen), Malgorzata Blaszczyk,
15:00–15:20 Mass balance, dynamics and isotopic study of selected glaciers in Spitsbergen, Svalbard,
15:20–15:40 10 years of monitoring in the Austre Lovénbreen catchment: results, cooperations and perspectives,
15:40–16:00 A radio wave velocity model contributing to precise ice volume estimation on Svalbard glaciers,
16:00–16:20 The mass balance of Nordenskiöldbreen and Lomonosovfonna 2006-2017, Veijo A. Pohjola,
16:20-16:40 Thermal conductivity and water content of firn at Lomonosovfonna derived from subsurface
Kongsfjorden System in Ny-Ålesund Chair: Prof. Kai Bischof, University of Bremen, and the Kongsfjorden System in Ny-Ålesund.
Developing Arctic Observing systems – the role of Norwegian institutions, part of the “INTAROS-Norge” project funded by the Research Council of Norway. Chair: Prof. Stein Sandven, Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center (NERSC). As the conference venue is full, this workshop will take place at the premises of the Research Council, Drammensveien 288.
Advisory Scientific Committee:
Prof. Kai Bischof (University of Bremen), Prof. Harald Ellingsen (SSF), Dr. Kim Holmén (SSF), Dr. Jack Kohler (NPI), Prof. Marek Lewandowski (SSF), Dr. Maarten Loonen (University of Groningen), Acting director Aleksandr Makarov (SSF), Dr. Roland Neuber (AWI), Dr. Christina Pedersen (NPI), Carina Leander (SSF secretariat) and Thorbjørn Gilberg (RCN).